In Assam, a number of tribes inhabit in harmony, their subtle differences in culture, language and lifestyle notwithstanding. The Deuri or Deori tribe is among these tribes and they mostly stay in upper plains of Assam. They hail from Sino-Tibetan family of Mongoloid origins. In the ancient days of Chutia and Ahom dynasty in Assam, they worked as priests in temples. Like many other tribes of Assam, they are particular about their rituals and festivals. They adhere to nuances of such customs with zeal.
Bihu Festivals of Deori tribes
Like many other tribes in Assam, Deori tribe also indulges in celebrating Bihu. Bihu is a major harvest festival celebrated in Assam, where the residents pay homage to the deities for good harvest and well being. The Deoris observe two types of Bihu every year, namely Magiyo Bihu and Bohagiyo Bihu.
The Deoris celebrate Bohagoiyo Bihu in the middle of April every year. This is celebrated for span of one week by them. The first day is marked by a puja offered in a “Than”. A goat sacrifice is a part of Bihu celebration for this community. After the ceremonial bathing of animals, Bihu rituals are done. This day marks celebration of Suwasani Puja. The villagers are given scared water and “Prasads”. Ducks, hens and birds are sacrificed after puja and a grand feast is arranged for villagers.
The elderly people in their villages visit all the households and offer their blessings. They are greeted by the household residents in turn and offered "Suze” and “Khaji”. The second day of Bihu comprises of dancing and merry making. A Husari party formed by younger people plays musical instruments and Bihu songs are sung. In some Deori villages, the celebration goes on for more than a week. Bihu dance is performed with vigor for rest of the days. ‘Deudhoni Nritya’ is a special attraction of this festival on the first day.
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