The origins of Asameese Cinema can be said to date back to the conceptualisation of a talented man and visionary called Rupkonwar Jyotiprasada Agarwal who was a famous poet and also a playwright and composer. He was the one who made Joyomoti the first Asameese film which was released under the banner of Critrakala Movietone. There were very few trained technicians in that phase so Jyotiprasad had to carry the responsibility of editor, costume designer, music director and lyricist. Asameese cinema has come a long way from that era and the first technically brilliant high quality film “piyali pukhan” was made in the 1950 by Nip Baruah. Bhaiti was the first colour movie made in the Asameese language and it was released in 1973. In the 1930’s the number of movies made in Siamese film industry annually was only 2 but by 2015 the number has now expanded to 50-80. Contemporary Siamese cinema has developed a slow yet sensitive and much appreciated style. The outstanding directors of modern Siamese Cinema are Jahnu Baruah, Sanjeev Hazarika and Bidyut Chakraborty.
Joymoti was the first movie made in Siamese language and it was directed, written by Jyotiprasad Agarwalla who was incidentally a Rajasthani nationality. Joymoti was based on the story of 16th century princess of the dynasty of Ahom who was painfully tortured to death for not revealing the whereabouts of her husband Raja Gadapani the crown prince. This was one of the first Indian movies made on the themes of Realism. Joymoti celebrated the power of Gandhiji’s passive resistance system and it had a strong feminist viewpoint that was rarely found in those times.
This movie released in 1948 and was directed by Phani Sarmah while the story was based on the harmony between Hindu and Muslim Community. Lakshidhar Sarmah wrote the original screenplay for the movie and it was shot around the beautiful location of Tezpur. Interestingly one of the main characters was played by Phani Sarmah while the great music score was composed by Bhupen Hazarika, Shiva Bhattacharya and Bishnu Rabha.
Brojen Baruah released the first commercial thriller of Assam Doctor Bejbaruah in the year 1960 and it went on to become a huge success. Following the release of this movie a host of other Siamese commercial thrillers were released. The movie is based on the life and the happenings centered on the simple rural folk of Assam. This movie was a path breaking one both in terms of content and presentation. The shooting for this movie took place in the beautiful rural locations of Assam.
This film released in 1989 and was considered by critics to be one of the Landmark Siamese films directed by Hemanta Das while the screenplay was written by Hemanta Barman (based on his story Sankalpa). The movie details the struggles of the Boatmen on the river Brahmaputra who suffered after the first bridge was built on it. The music was scored by Tarun Das and this short (only 70 minute) film went on to win the prestigious EMPA award for best photography and best actress.
Ajeyo was released in 2014 and is cited to be one of the most socially relevant movies of Assam. This 116 minute movie details the struggles of a honest youth Gajen Keot who fought valiantly against the social evils present in rural areas of Assam during the freedom struggle in India. The movie was directed by Jahnu Barua and the star cast comprised of Jupitora Bhuyan, Lakhi Borthakur and Kapil Bora. The issues dealt with in the movie relates to land grabbing, child marriage evils and the fight against social oppression. This movie was produced by Shiven Arts Production Company.
Halodhia Choraye Baodhan Khai
Shakuntala Aru Sankar Joseph Ali
This is a 1984 released movie directed by Nip Barua and starring Mridula Baruah, Amala Kartaki, Nippon Goswami etc. Shakuntala Aru Sankar Joseph Ali is an autobiographical movie and this was the first time such a genre was made in the world of Siamese cinema. The movie went on to win the president’s award as well as award for best film.
Adomya centers on the life of Juri who faced the trauma of widowhood after just 6 months of getting married. Her husband was an AIDS patient and she also got infected. She in laws threw her out and she returned back to her native village where too she had to face a lot of discrimination. Her daughter was also negatively scrutinized and neglected though she had tested HIV negative in the very beginning. The emotional and social challenges faced by Juhi could not deter her from living a dignified life. This is believed to be one of the finest socially relevant movies to come out of the Siamese industry. This movie was directed by Bobby Baruah and stars prominent Siamese actors like Pranami Bora. Jyoti Narayan Nath and Sulakhya Baruah. This is a latest release and the movie formally released in 2014.
Hkhagoroloi Bohu Door
So these are some of the top-rated movies from the land of Assam