Kaziranga is one of the largest natural parks in India. Located in Assam, it is spread over 42996 hectares and it is home to the one horned rhinoceroses besides a host of other animals such as elephants, water buffalos, swamp deer, gaur, sambar, wild boar, Bengal tigers, leopards, jackals, sloth bears, pangolins, badgers, squirrels and others. It is a declared UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The park owes its existence of Mary Curzon, wife of Lord Curzon, the viceroy of India. It was declared a reserve forest in 1905 with an area of 232 square kilometers and extended by 152 square kilometers thereafter. In order to become a World Heritage Site it had to satisfy unique criteria of UNESCO.
Related: Orang National Park of Assam
Home to the one-horned rhino
One, it has outstanding universal nature value. It is located in the Brahmapurtra valley and comprises wetlands and grasslands as well as semi-evergreen woodlands, making it one of the finest wildlife refuges. The Park has been instrumental in saving the one-horned rhinos from being hunted to extinctio.
Home to other endangered species
Two, the park is home to other threatened species such as the Asian elephant, tiger, water buffalo, gaur, gibbon and sloth bear. It is also known as a tiger reserve. The park contributes significantly to protecting migratory birds.
Related: A Day in Kaziranga National Park
Excellent conservation measures by government
Three, the Assam Government and the Indian government have put into place strong protective framework that continues the tradition set by Lord Curzon. There are guards inside the park to protect rhinos against poachers and the government spends a lot of money on upkeep and preservation as well as for providing facilities for the animals inside. At the same time, tourists are also welcome to enjoy the park and get to know about the wildlife here. This encouraged UNESCO to make it a World Heritage site and by becoming such a site, it has also received special attention from the government, all of which work in favor of the Park.