It is also called the 'Festival of Festivals'.
The state of Nagaland is home to several tribes, which have their own distinct festivals. More than 60% of the population of Nagaland depends on agriculture and therefore most of their festivals revolve around agriculture.
The Nagas consider their festivals sacred, so participation in these festivals is essential.
To encourage inter-tribal interaction and to promote cultural heritage of Nagaland, the Government of Nagaland organizes the Hornbill Festival every year in the first week of December. The first festival was held in 2000.
The festival is named after the Indian hornbill, the large and colourful forest bird which is displayed in the folklore of most of the state's tribes.
The diversity among the tribes is vibrant and the culture of each and every tribe is fquite fascinating.
During Hornbill festival Nagaland is the best place to visit. Hornbill is also known as ‘festival of festivals’.
Most of the festivals celebrated by the tribal people are limited to their region or tribe, however it’s Hornbill which brings them all together.
Showcasing the rich heritage and culture, the festival is organised every year by the State Tourism and Art & Culture Departments.
Organized by the State Tourism and Art & Culture Departments, the Hornbill Festival showcases a mélange of cultural displays under one roof. This festival usually takes place between 1 and 7 December every year in Kohima.
Hornbill festival gives the people of the state an opportunity to tell the world about their uniqueness. It also keeps their tribes bonded to their culture and history.
The festival is divided into activities like tribal dances, war tactics, local games, greased pole climbing, Naga chilli eating competition, pork fat eating competition etc.
People can also visit the permanent tribal houses (murongs) built around the venue and can interact with the tribal people, taste their cuisines and even dance with them!
The Hornbill Festival has contributed significantly to enhancing the state's tourism brand. Tourism promoters believe that the Hornbill Festival in Nagaland allows tourists to have an insight into the different tribes of Nagaland.
It fosters understanding of the rich cultural heritage of the state, its resourceful architecture and its ethnic cuisine.