How many of us are not aware of the recent Dimapur lynching case, where an alleged rapist lost his life. But we are not here to discuss the incident, rather we are trying to peep into the mindset of such crowds, and know why such a situation took place. Dr Pulkit Sharma, Clinical Psychologist and Psychoanalytical Therapist at Imago - Centre for Self, inform that there can be basically three reasons.
When people live in a certain atmosphere, they tend to internalize and identify themselves with it. The resultant, they become brutal and aggressive. There was prevalence of militant unrest and uncertainty in the past, and people were prone to cruel and brutal treatment without a reason. The rage within has thus grown. They tend to copy brutalities of their perpetrators and wish to take law and order in their hands. In psychology this defense mechanism is known as ‘identification with the aggressor.’
Secondly, when people lack faith that they will be protected by others or their interests will be taken care of, they end up taking the onus of doing everything on their own. Once again, due to social and political uncertainty, people of Nagaland do not have much faith in the judicial system and probably felt it right to take everything in their own hands.
Lastly, in a mob, because the responsibility is diffused among the group, and no particular individual has to feel the burden of shame, people generally feel comfortable in bringing out their most aggressive and violent feelings. Also, when some people portray such behavior, others feel motivated to let go of their inhibitions, thus gets carried away easily into such deviant behavior.