5 lesser known facts about ‘PARAM Kanchenjunga’, the fastest supercomputer in Sikkim
A supercomputer is a computer with a high-level computational capacity compared to a general-purpose computer. Performance of a supercomputer is measured in floating-point operations per second (FLOPS) instead of million instructions per second (MIPS). As of 2015, there are supercomputers which can perform up to quadrillions of FLOPS.
Supercomputers were introduced in the 1960s, made initially, and for decades primarily, by Seymour Cray at Control Data Corporation (CDC), Cray Research and subsequent companies bearing his name or monogram.
India started a program to develop indigenous supercomputers and supercomputing technologies. For the purpose of achieving self-sufficiency in the field, the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) was set up in 1988 by the then Department of Electronics with Dr. Vijay Bhatkar as its Director.
In 1990, a prototype was produced and was benchmarked at the 1990 Zurich Supercomputering Show. It surpassed most other systems, placing India second after US.
PARAM is a series of supercomputers designed and assembled by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) in Pune, India. The latest machine in the series is the PARAM Yuva II.
Param means ‘supreme’ in Sanskrit.
Here are five lesser known facts about the fastest supercomputer in Sikkim:
1. ‘PARAM Kanchenjunga’ is a collaboration between Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C—DAC) and the Ministry of Communications and IT.
2. ‘PARAM Kanchenjunga’ would also be the fastest supercomputer among all the NITs.
3. The machine is equipped with latest Intel-based processor and accelerator technologies with a peak computing power of 15 Teraflops.
4. Built a cost of over Rs 2 crore.
5. Using the ‘PARAM Kanchenjunga’, two faculty members of National Institute Of Technology Sikkim(NIT) are already studying how to increase the efficiency of fuel movement through long oil pipelines such as from Middle East to India.
Source : TNT-The Northeast Today